Regional Commonwealth in the field of Communications
Regional Commonwealth in the field of communications (RCC) was established on December 17, 1991 in Moscow by the Communications Administrations of 11 countries: the Azerbaijan Republic, Republic of Armenia, Republic of Belarus, Republic of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Republic of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Republic of Uzbekistan, Ukraine.
On this day the authorized representatives of the Communications Administrations of these countries signed an agreement on the establishment of the Regional Commonwealth in the field of communications — an organization that has been designed to carry out the cooperation of new independent states in the field of electricity (including: networks and means that provide telephone, telegraph communication, data transmission and other kinds of documentary messages, as well as TV, audio and other types of radio and wire broadcasting) and the postal services on a voluntary basis, on principles of mutual respect and sovereignty.
During the period of political and economic transformation the communication leaders of the former Soviet Union, guided by the desire to preserve the unity of the telecommunications infrastructure, as well as due to the need of interoperability ties between our countries, took a wise and the only right decision for the establishment of the RCC.
In October 1992 in Bishkek (Kyrgyz Republic) the Heads of Governments of the CIS member states approved the RCC establishment and, as a result, signed the “Agreement on interstate relations coordination in the field of postal and telecommunications”. The RCC proclaimed itself an open organization for joining the Communications Administrations of other states.
At the RCC initial stage, in addition to inter-state work coordination on harmonization of networks and communications, it was held a set of economic measures to ensure the efficiency of existing networks.
The period of the RCC formation and development associates with the development of conceptual, legal and financial instruments, the definition of the functions and tasks of the organization, status and powers of its members, there were determined the structure and competence of the management bodies. Above mentioned measures allowed in a short time to organize a comprehensive and full cooperation in the field of communications.
In its activities the RCC is guided by current legislation of the states which communications administrations are the RCC participants` countries, by the decisions of the RCC Board, by Acts of the International Telecommunication Union, the Universal Postal Union, as well as the RCC Charter.
RCC receives two types of documents: of an advisory nature for Telecommunications and Post; and of the binding nature — on the functioning of the Commonwealth and its Executive Committee.
The supreme government body of the RCC is the Board of the RCC Communications Administrations Heads, the work of which is carried out in accordance with the Charter, approved on January 23-24, 1992 by the Board of the Heads and Plenipotentiaries of the Communications Administrations — the Regional Commonwealth participants: the Republic of Azerbaijan, Republic of Armenia, Republic of Belarus, Republic of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Republic of Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Republic of Uzbekistan, Ukraine.
Taking into account the large-scale transformations occurring in the field of informatization, as well as in order to coordinate the cooperation of the CIS member states in the sphere of informatization, on October 7, 2002, by the Decision of the Council of the CIS Heads of Governments of the Commonwealth of Independent States — the Republic of Armenia, Republic of Belarus, Georgia, Republic of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Republic of Tajikistan in Chisinau (Republic of Moldova) it has been created the Coordination Council for Informatization of the CIS states attached to RCC (hereinafter — the Coordination Council) with the right to introduce issues in the field of informatization for the consideration of the CIS Heads of Governments Council by the established order.
During the period of the activity the main directions of the RCC development are the transition to the settlements at international prices for communication services taking into account the real economic situation in the RCC participants’ countries, the development on the international level of methodical and methodological support aimed to liberalization of the telecommunications market and the integration into the world information society.
Particular attention was paid to the prospects for a coherent development of technology and communications systems of the RCC participants’ countries, the issues of interaction of telecommunication operators, the transition strategy to qualitatively new services, introduction and development of ICT.
Permanent executive body of the RCC is the Executive Committee that operates in accordance with the Provisions on the Executive Committee of the Regional Commonwealth in the field of communications approved by the Board of the RCC CAs Heads Decision dated 10.10.2003 № 30/9, with the location determined in Moscow.
The working bodies of the RCC are the Commissions, the Boards of Telecommunication and Infocommunication Operators and Postal Operators, Working groups that are formed by the Decision of the Board of the RCC CAs Heads and are created to study and consideration the issues in the field of information and communication technologies (ICT), as well as the preparation of decisions to be considered at the sessions of the RCC Board and Coordination Council. Their activities are managed by the relevant Provisions that are adopted by the Board of the RCC CAs Heads.
Today the RCC is an international organization with functions of interstate coordination body of the CIS in the field of telecommunications and postal services, and has observer status in the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the Universal Postal Union (UPU), as well as cooperates with international and regional organizations, actively takes part in conferences, forums.
The RCC structure is composed of 20 members — 12 full members and 8 observers.